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Construction of the three major shipping center of the development of the Yangtz

data:2015-04-29 from:  Zhuhai cross-border

"To build a comprehensive three-dimensional transport corridor is the foundation of the construction of Yangtze River economic belt, the Yangtze River waterway is the foundation and support of the comprehensive transportation system, the construction of high-grade channel will be further strengthened; in addition, the railway construction along the Yangtze River port and shipping center construction will be fully accelerated." The twenty-first Century economic report reporter recently learned from the Ministry of transportation of the Yangtze River Waterway Bureau, the Yangtze River Waterway Bureau and local traffic department.

Since the end of the Premier Li Keqiang Yangtze River Economic Belt symposium held in Chongqing along the Yangtze River, proposed to create "networking, standardization, intelligent comprehensive transportation corridor", build a comprehensive transportation in 11 provinces and cities along the Yangtze River has become the highlight of the regional strategy, and has attracted much attention, and the relevant ministries have begun planning, layout.

To promote the construction of the Yangtze River three major shipping center

The Yangtze River has been called the "golden waterway", the freight volume has been ranked the world's first inland. But along with the "national strategy to become the Yangtze River Economic Belt", "Li Keqiang demands more attention to play water transport of low cost, less energy consumption competitive advantage, strengthen governance dredging, improve navigation standards, to promote standardization of ship, transport capacity enhancement of the Yangtze river".

Deputy director of the Yangtze River Waterway Bureau Liu Huaihan told reporters in twenty-first Century economic report, the Yangtze River Waterway Bureau is to strengthen the pace of improvement of the effectiveness of waterway regulation, improve, the next step will be mainly in the high-grade waterway waterway waterway, intelligent, ecological construction as the focus, to improve the conditions of the channel and improve the navigation standards as the goal, to provide strong support for the Yangtze River water.

In the construction of a comprehensive three-dimensional transport system, the development of supporting the Yangtze River economic belt, the Yangtze River Waterway Bureau of Ministry of transportation management in mid May the introduction of the new deployment of related work. The Department official told reporters in twenty-first Century economic report, at present, on one hand they focus on the effective convergence of the Yangtze River shipping development planning group for planning and development of the Yangtze River Three City, efforts to build a communication trunk line of the Yangtze River shipping "spindle" three big city group, and actively support local relying on the Yangtze River shipping along the Yangtze River industrial layout adjustment, vigorously develop the port industry and the export-oriented economy; on the other hand, will vigorously promote the construction of the Yangtze River three major shipping center, strengthen the hub port logistics node and collecting and distributing function, and promote the effective convergence of the hub port for the main node of transportation network, improve the heavenly stems and earthly branches, Jianghai direct, Jianghai transport.

In addition, along the Yangtze River will vigorously develop the Yangtze River shipping and logistics services, to encourage the development of trade, finance and insurance, information consultation, e-commerce and other modern shipping services, the formation of multi-level shipping service system, improve the ability and level of the hinterland.

CSC system said, at present the Yangtze River shipping the goods per year with two digit growth, the total freight than along the Yangtze River and the bridge of inflation expectations, the Three Gorges ship lock is an important bottleneck of waterway, this contradiction in the future will be further expanded.

"Research is the solution of national ministries and the Yangtze River Navigation System: including the second lock, Fanba, lift and a variety of ways." The navigation system are introduced.

Wuhan University of Technology associate professor Kanami O said One divides into two. Shipping College, should see every project: Construction of the second lock may face various aspects of economic, ecological cost, lift the large tonnage of ship is more difficult; and the over dam increased shipping costs, can not fundamentally solve the problem.

Hubei Provincial Academy of Social Sciences, vice president Qin Zunwen told reporters in twenty-first Century economic report, the Yangtze River shipping is the most basic traffic corridor along the river channel, in addition, will further open up -- including the railway and highway transportation. In railway transport, in addition to the things along the river channel, there should be more vertical river north-south channel.

The establishment of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River Reservoirs Dispatching Mechanism

In addition to the new transportation projects, to break the history of the "Kowloon flood control" mode, an important part of promoting coordinated regional traffic is to build the Yangtze River Economic Belt of comprehensive transportation system.











At present, the implementation and management of the Department of the Ministry of water resources, including more than a dozen ministries, the State Environmental Protection Administration, the Ministry of construction, Ministry of agriculture, the national development and Reform Commission, Ministry of communications and the Ministry of health of the Yangtze River, including the 11 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government.

A Yangtze River shipping system who accept the twenty-first Century economic report interview with reporters pointed out, each of the local regional economic considerations, CSC is implemented according to the national planning department, coordination of efforts is very small. Like Chongqing and Hubei are second of the dispute, the state level to coordinate.

The source said, in the construction of a comprehensive three-dimensional traffic, many need to be unified planning, although in the big department system reform, but in fact "or engage in the various". This section of the Yangtze River shipping has an independent influence on.

The construction of the water reservoir as an example, the reservoir operation to improve China's energy structure adjustment, play an important role in Yangtze River Basin flood control, irrigation, shipping, water environment protection. However, affected by the reservoir storage, discharge time and discharge, but also brings negative effects can not be ignored for the shipping of the Yangtse river.

In the Three Gorges as an example, after completion of the Three Gorges project, the Three Gorges to Gezhouba Dam hub between the two dams of 38 km waterway navigation, flood season limited conditions. In 2012, two dams for flood navigable flow condition worsening, often the prohibited and restricted, leading to the increase in the backlog of berthing vessel.

"The upper reaches of the Yangtze River Reservoirs Dispatching System has not been established, the movement mechanism is not perfect, imperfect management regulations, to give full play to the comprehensive benefits of water resources especially the shipping benefits lack the strong system guarantee, and the building there is a large gap between the whole basin of the Yangtze golden waterway of the target." Ministry of transport of the Yangtze River Waterway Bureau relevant personage to reporters in twenty-first Century economic report.

He thinks, the construction of the Yangtze golden waterway and the upper reaches of the Yangtze River hydropower development are currently in a period of rapid development, the establishment of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River Reservoirs Dispatching System as soon as possible, in order to alleviate the flood control, water storage of Three Gorges reservoir, the Yangtze River riparian affect scheduling of the Three Gorges Reservoir tail, between the two dams, shipping of the downstream of the dam, in order to change the Jinsha River Xiangjiaba following the past dam in flood season and dry season of the difficult situation, the Yangtze River shipping safety and smoothness can be guaranteed.

Hubei, a local government officials in Chongqing and Yichang as an example to talk about cooperation, regional cooperation between barriers. For example, Chongqing is now the development of "pull" logistics, it takes Chongqing and Zigui bilateral connection, if the downstream Zigui logistics industry the corresponding convergence, the whole chain necessarily inefficient. But in fact, both sides of the connection is not smooth.

Qin Zunwen told reporters in twenty-first Century economic report, regional coordination along the Yangtze River, in the next meeting of the "new economic support belt based on China guidance" in the construction of the Yangtze River, there will be reflected, "coordination at the regional, national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of transport should be led to promote".

(from: twenty-first Century economic report)